Personal, Social and Physical Education

Personal and Social Education

What do we want students to learn?
Due to the nature of the discipline, PSE should be included throughout the curriculum wherever applicable, in addition to opportunities found in units of the programme of inquiry. The content is arranged into four main strands: self-concept, health and safety, interaction with others, organization for learning.

In self-concept, student develop an awareness of their feelings, beliefs and behaviour. They learn to recognize their own strengths and weaknesses. In health and safety, positive lifestyle choices to promote and maintain health are encouraged, and the development of safe behaviour practices at home, school and in the community are considered.

In interaction with others, social norms and values are considered, including strategies for the management of conflict as well as the study and acceptance of cultural, racial and religious similarities and differences. In organization for learning, strategies and choices in relation to becoming a successful learner are developed.

Although these strands are considered separately, in practice they are inextricably linked. Students develop aspects of PSE continually, across the stands, through different disciplines and at their own pace.

PSE provides the models, processes and values for handling social and personal issues and ensuring health and well-being. Through PSE, students will develop their self-identity, use appropriate social skills when interacting with others in a range of situations, and learn to communicate and manage their feelings, emotions and opinions. The expectations of PSE emphasize attitudes, behaviours and skills that are closely aligned with the PYP learner profile.

Students should be given guidance to help develop positive attitudes and behaviours in order to meet challenges, make healthy lifestyle choices and serve as responsible, respectful members of society. This guidance should be specific, explicit and continuous. Students must be prepared to address moral issues in their lives and should act upon a set of positive values such as justice, respect for human rights and dignity.

It is through exposure to new and difficult issues in a non-threatening environment that students are able to develop their own positive values and prepare for their role as international citizens.

Physical Education

What do we want students to learn?
The PE scope and sequence framework identifies the major expectations considered essential in the Primary Years Programme (PYP). These expectations are arranged into seven strands: body control and spatial awareness, adventure challenge, athletics, movement to music, games, gymnastics and health-related activities.

Body control and spatial awareness focuses on exploring the human body’s capacity for movement, and how to move around and in-between objects and other individuals safely.

Adventure challenge challenges the students to solve problems collaboratively involving physical and critical thinking skills. Athletics exposes students to the three aspects of athletics: jumping, throwing and running events. It develops the different techniques for the individual events while striving to improve student performance.

Movement to music is concerned with learning to move the body in a variety of ways in response to music, sounds or situations. It also involves awareness of the position of the body and how the body can be used to convey a feeling or emotion.

Games sequentially develops the students’ competence, confidence, success and enjoyment of the advanced skills and concepts associated with games and sports. Gymnastics exposes the student to a variety of gymnastic skills: on the floor, using small equipment and various apparatus. Health-related activities develops an awareness of the importance of physical activity and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Through PE, students are learning the "language" of physical movement, exploring the skills associated with different strands of PE. They learn to understand what they can and cannot do physically and become aware of their own strengths and weaknesses in this discipline.

Physical activity is an essential aspect of a well-balanced, healthy lifestyle and learning through PE helps to build self-esteem, confidence, cooperation and fitness. Each class has two PE lessons per week taught by one of our Specialist PE teachers.

In addition class teachers lead supplementary fitness, ball skills or movement sessions.

The PE Component of the curriculum allows students to:
  • Learn about body control and spatial awareness,
  • Master new skills and techniques in a variety of physical activities,
  • Manipulate equipment or apparatus,
  • Recognise the importance of fair play,
  • Understand how strategies can assist when participating in physical activities,
  • Use cooperative behaviours in order to function as part of a group or team,
  • Use proper safety precautions when engaging in physical activities.